Information about Italy

Italy is a country of sun, high mountains, sea and nature reserves, cities and monuments, where every stone has a story.
This is a country located in Europe, on the border with Austria, Switzerland, France and Slovenia. It consists of 20 regions: Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Fruili Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy (Number one in population), Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Puglia, Sardinia, Sicily (the largest area ), Tuscany, Trentino-Alto Adige Umbria Valle d’Aosta, Veneto.There are islands that belong to Italy: Sicily, Sardinia, Naples, Capri, Pelagsky archipelago Egadi archipelago and the Aeolian Islands. Most of the islands are located in the southern part of the continent and can be easily reached by ferry or boat. Italy is washed by five seas: the Mediterranean, Ionian, Tyrrhenian, Adriatic and Lugiriyskim.

Official language is Italian, but all the provinces of Italy have their own dialect. People from the north and south of Italy, speaking each in his dialect, will never understand each other. To get from the north of Italy to the south (or vice versa) you can use local airlines, take the train, bus or ferry ride from Genoa to Palermo, from Rome to Catania and so on. Ferries are comfortable  and popular enough, that is why tickets better to book in advance, especially in the summer and during the Christmas holidays.
Each region of Italy is unique: different traditions and cultures, religious holidays and festivals, variety of wines and dishes, monuments, historical places etc. There are carnivals and festivals of each town’s Saints  every year. At this time you can see people in national dress, singing, dancing and walking. It is really unforgettable!

Major national holidays:
– January 1-Capodanno (New Year)
– January 6 – Epifania (Epiphany)
end of January, beginning of February – Carnivales in many cities
– April 25 – Festa della Liberazione (Day of Liberation from Fascism)
– May 1 – Festa dei lavoratori (Labor Day)
– June 2 – Festa della Reppublica Italia (Republic Day)
– August 15 – Ferragosto (Assumption) – the beginning of summer vacations in Italy
– November 1 – Tutti I santi (All Saints Day)
– November 2 – Commemorazione dei defunti (All Souls Day)
– December 8 – Immacolata Concezione (Immaculate Conception)
– December 25 – Natale (Christmas) – the most important holiday. It is celebrated on the night of 24 to 25 usually in the home.Christmas dinner is on December 25th.
– December 26 – Santo Stefano (St. Stephen’s Day)

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